18 Common Cryptocurrency Terms Explained

cryptocurrency lingo

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Proof-of-Authority A blockchain consensus mechanism that delivers comparatively fast transactions using identity as a stake. Pre-mine When some or all of a coin’s initial supply is generated during or before the public launch, rather than being generated over cryptocurrency lingo time through mining or inflation. They may be used for legitimate purposes, such as crowdfunding or marketing. Oversold When a cryptocurrency has been sold by more and more investors over time, with its price decreasing for an extended period of time.

Bitcoin Vs Traditional Currencies

On August 16, 2020, Bitcoin Cash was valued at about $302 to Bitcoin’s roughly $11,800. Less than a month later in August 2017, a group of miners and developers initiated a hard fork, leaving the bitcoin network to create a new currency using the same codebase as bitcoin. Although this group agreed with the need for a solution to scaling, they worried that adopting segregated witness technology would not fully address the scaling problem.

Fear surrounding the hack was blamed for a $42-billion cryptocurrency market selloff. On 9 July 2018 the exchange Bancor had $23.5 million in cryptocurrency stolen. Two members of the Silk Road Task Force—a multi-agency federal task force that carried out the U.S. investigation of Silk Road—seized bitcoins for their own use in the course of the investigation. Some miners pool resources, sharing their processing power over a network to split the reward equally, according to the amount of work they contributed to the probability of finding a block. A “share” is awarded to members of the mining pool who present a valid partial proof-of-work. Blockchains are secure by design and are an example of a distributed computing system with high Byzantine fault tolerance.

A disproportionately large number of blocks are mined by pools rather than by individual miners. Mining pools and companies have represented large percentages of bitcoin’s computing power.

Between 1 in 16 trillion odds, scaling difficulty levels, and the massive network of users verifying transactions, one block of transactions is verified roughly every 10 minutes. A mining pool is a group of miners who combine their computing power and split the mined bitcoin between participants.

Cryptocurrencies have been compared to Ponzi schemes, pyramid schemes and economic bubbles, such as housing market bubbles. The New Yorker has explained the debate based on interviews with blockchain founders in an article about the “argument over whether Bitcoin, Ethereum, and the blockchain are transforming the cryptocurrency lingo world”. The original Silk Road was shut down in October 2013 and there have been two more versions in use since then. In the year following the initial shutdown of Silk Road, the number of prominent dark markets increased from four to twelve, while the amount of drug listings increased from 18,000 to 32,000.

Hence, lower-cap cryptocurrencies are usually selected for P&D. This consensus algorithm allows users to decide on who will validate the next block, depending on the number of coins they have. The token holders lock those tokens to secure the network and receive rewards in return. Digital addresses are representing cryptocurrencies wallets. In order to send cryptocurrencies or funds, we will need to use the recipient’s digital address.

Permissioned Ledger

cryptocurrency lingo

Confirmation means that a transaction has been processed by the network and is highly unlikely to be reversed. Transactions receive a confirmation when they are included in a block and for each subsequent block. Even a single confirmation can be considered secure for low value transactions, although for larger amounts like $1000 USD, it makes cryptocurrency lingo sense to wait for 6 confirmations or more. Each confirmation exponentially decreases the risk of a reversed transaction. A block is a record in the block chain that contains and confirms many waiting transactions. Roughly every 10 minutes, on average, a new block including transactions is appended to the block chain through mining.

Doing so requires an enormous number of random guesses, making it a costly process that deters attempts to commit fraud. Initial coin offering / A blockchain-based fund-raising mechanism in which entrepreneurs mint new crypto-tokens and sell them to investors. Alt-coin/ A cryptocurrency that works similarly to Bitcoin but with modifications such as being able to process transactions cryptocurrency lingo faster. Mining is a way to earn more cryptocurrency or Bitcoins. You need the processing power of a good computer to unbundle every block of Bitcoin or currency before you can get access to it. Every block takes about one year to unbundle on a regular desktop PC. A transaction of very small value that doesn’t offer much financial profit but takes time space in the blockchain.


  • Each time a cryptocurrency transaction is made, a cryptocurrency miner is responsible for ensuring the authenticity of information and updating the blockchain with the transaction.
  • The trading volume for this stablecoin is $33 billion versus just $21 billion for bitcoin in the last trading day.
  • The mining process itself involves competing with other cryptominers to solve complicated mathematical problems with cryptographic hash functions that are associated with a block containing the transaction data.
  • Bitcoin mining is the process of making computer hardware do mathematical calculations for the Bitcoin network to confirm transactions and increase security.
  • In the 24-hour period leading up to writing this piece, Tether was the most popular crypto being traded.
  • It is a record of how many transactions are conducted in a given period.

To put that in perspective, you are about 44,500 times more likely to win the Powerball jackpot with a single lottery ticket than cryptocurrency lingo you are to pick the correct hash on a single try. Fortunately, mining computer systems spit out many hash possibilities.

In 1983, the American cryptographer David Chaum conceived an anonymous cryptographic electronic money called ecash. This allowed the digital currency to be untraceable by the issuing bank, the government, or any third party. An ICO or Initial Coin Offering is a cross between an IPO and a crowdfunding campaign for a blockchain-based project, offering the project’s own coin in exchange for funds. A decentralized digital database of records and transactions, as well as the technology that’s cryptocurrency lingo used to create and maintain that database. Proof of Capacity is a consensus mechanism that uses a mining node’s hard drive space to decide the mining rights on the blockchain network. Cloud mining enables mining of cryptocurrencies, such as bitcoin, without installation of expensive mining hardware. The resulting currency, called “bitcoin cash,” increased the blocksize to 8 MB in order to accelerate the verification process to allow a performance of around 2 million transactions per day.

cryptocurrency lingo

More From: Cryptocurrency

Altcoins often have underlying differences with Bitcoin. For example, Litecoin aims to process a block every 2.5 minutes, rather than Bitcoin’s 10 minutes which allows Litecoin to confirm transactions faster than Bitcoin. Another example is Ethereum, which has smart contract functionality that allows decentralized applications to be run on its blockchain. Ethereum has the largest “following” of any altcoins that have tried to improve on Bitcoin and is the most actively used blockchain in the world.

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