A 2021 article in the Columbia Journalism Review identified Wikipedia’s page protection policies as “erhaps the most important” means at Wikipedia’s disposal to “regulate its market of ideas”. On January 18, 2012, the English Wikipedia participated in a series of coordinated protests against two proposed laws in the United States Congress—the Stop Online Piracy Act and the PROTECT IP Act —by blacking out its pages for 24 hours. More than 162 million people viewed the blackout explanation page that temporarily replaced Wikipedia content. Cartogram showing number of articles in each European language as of January 2019.
How are royalty fees calculated?
The royalty is calculated by applying the fixed percentage to the adjusted gross sales, traditionally on a monthly or sooner basis. It is often the simplest fee structure to administer, but might not always be the best method to ensure a proper balance for either the franchisor or the franchisee.
This is a lump sum payment made by the licensee to the artist when the agreement is finalized. It will be credited against future royalties, so you will receive lower royalty payments initially. If you do not earn that amount in royalty payments, you do not need to refund the advance. The agreement likely will provide that the artist needs to refund the advance only if they breach the terms of the agreement.
All opinions and viewpoints, if attributable to external sources, must enjoy an appropriate share of coverage within an article. External video Wikimania, 60 Minutes, CBS, 20 minutes, April 5, 2015, co-founder Jimmy Wales at FosdemContent in Wikipedia is subject to the laws of the United States and of the US state of Virginia, where the majority of Wikipedia’s servers are located. Beyond legal matters, the editorial principles of Wikipedia are embodied in the “five pillars” and in numerous policies and guidelines royalty payment intended to appropriately shape content. Even these rules are stored in wiki form, and Wikipedia editors write and revise the website’s policies and guidelines. Editors can enforce these rules by deleting or modifying non-compliant material. Originally, rules on the non-English editions of Wikipedia were based on a translation of the rules for the English Wikipedia. Wikipedians often have disputes regarding content, which may result in repeatedly making opposite changes to an article, known as “edit warring”.
where ROY denotes the royalty payment, GR is the gross revenue, and roy is the royalty rate of structure s in year t. In the United States, royalty rates are fixed throughout production and for offshore leases in federal waters are either 12.5%, 16.67%, or 18.75% depending on the time of sale and water depth of the lease. Royalty payments are regulated both for the percentage and the period according to statutory enactments.
Editors of traditional reference works such as the Encyclopædia Britannica have questioned the project’s utility and status as an encyclopedia. Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales has claimed that Wikipedia has largely avoided the problem of “fake news” because the Wikipedia community regularly debates the quality of sources in articles. Journalists Oliver Kamm and Edwin Black alleged that articles are dominated by the loudest and most persistent voices, usually by a group with an “ax to grind” on the topic. A 2008 article in Education Next Journal concluded that as a resource about controversial topics, Wikipedia is subject to manipulation and spin.
Royalty Payments For Artwork
The method may be quite useful for valuing trademarks of a listed company if it is mainly or the only IP in play . The Income approach focuses on the licensor estimating the profits generated by the licensee and obtaining an appropriate share of the generated profit. It is unrelated to costs of technology development or the costs of competing technologies. In the former case, the venture capitalist obtains an equity position in the company in exchange for financing a part of the development cost .
The two parties usually sign and create a contract that creates legal obligations for both parties. While they pay royalties, the licensee is entitled to use the owner’s asset, but there are usually conditions that restrict how the asset can be used. In October 2015, the business was acquired and relocated to Denver, Colorado. As part of the acquisition, a new marketing/sales, legal, and operations team were put in place. In June 2017, the company raised $6.4 million in funding through a convertible note offering, more than double the $3 million it initially sought. The new funds were earmarked for new hires, new technology, and new product development. In June 2018, Royalty Exchange began offering Private Syndicate investments.
Oil and gas royalties are paid as a set percentage on all revenue, less any deductions that may be taken by the well operator as specifically noted in the lease agreement. A royalty is a payment made by one party to another that owns a particular asset, for the right to ongoing use of that asset.
Tax Implications Of Royalty Payments
Additionally, there are bots designed to automatically notify editors when they make common editing errors . Edits falsely identified by bots as the work of a banned editor can be restored by other editors. Bots are able to indicate edits from particular accounts or IP address ranges, as occurred at the time of the shooting down of the MH17 jet incident in July 2014 when it was reported edits were made via IPs controlled by the Russian government. The operation of Wikipedia depends on MediaWiki, a custom-made, free and open source wiki software platform written in PHP and built upon the MySQL database system. The software incorporates programming features such as a macro language, variables, a transclusion system for templates, and URL redirection.
The process is widely seen as a resource-consuming scenario where no useful knowledge is added. This practice is also criticized as creating a competitive, conflict based editing culture associated with traditional masculine gender roles, which contributes to the gender bias on Wikipedia. In the Seigenthaler biography incident, an anonymous editor introduced false information into the biography of American political figure John Seigenthaler in May 2005. Seigenthaler was falsely presented as a suspect in the assassination of John F. Kennedy. Wales replied that he did not, although the perpetrator was eventually traced. After the incident, Seigenthaler described Wikipedia as “a flawed and irresponsible research tool”.
Music Royalties 101
assets = liabilities + equitys for the use of patents, copyrighted works, natural resources, or franchises are most common. Nolo, formerly known as Nolo Press, is a publisher in Berkeley, California, that produces do-it-yourself legal books and software that allows people to handle simple legal matters such as making wills or writing business partnership contracts.
Where the supplied product is a separate module identified to, or identifiable by, the end user, the agreement is typically characterized as a VAR agreement. Conversely, under an OEM agreement, the supplied technology or product tends to lose its separate identity and becomes an integral part of a product marketed under the OEM’s name.
You can also make an arrangement, called licensing, in which you retain ownership of the property but charge another entity money to use it. A royalty payment can last upto a lease period for an intellectual property. For example, a group of music performers in the UK receive royalties from record sales and radio airplay for 50 years after a song is released. The person who composed the song is entitled to copyright to the music and appropriate royalty payment for their entire life and further 70 years even after his death, which is almost equal to 120 years. A royalty is a payment made to an owner or licensee of a particular asset for ongoing use of their asset.
The Wikimedia Foundation is not a licensor of content, but merely a hosting service for the contributors of the Wikipedia. Wikipedia is also supported by many organizations and groups that are affiliated with the Wikimedia Foundation but independently-run, called Wikimedia movement affiliates. These include Wikimedia chapters (which are national or sub-national organizations, such as Wikimedia Deutschland and Wikimédia France), thematic organizations , and user groups.
- By then, the site had grown to more than 30,000 pieces of content and leadership planned to write 7,000 additional articles each year.
- Special webcasting is a service where the user can choose a stream of music, the majority of which comprises works from one source – an artist, group or particular concert.
- Chartered in 1840, Richmond College was only 30 years old when it added a Law Department.
- An example of royalties would be payments received by musicians when their original songs are played on the radio or television, used in movies, performed at concerts, bars, and restaurants, or consumed via streaming services.
- Additional third party administrators such as RightsFlow provide services to license, account and pay mechanical royalties and are growing.
Royalty payments may cover many different types of property, including patented inventions, the use of artwork, or the mining of resources. In franchised businesses, such as 7-Eleven convenience stores, the franchise holder pays franchise royalties to the main company for the use of the name and other assets. The question of how this expense is entered on your business tax return depends on the specifics of your situation. Before you attempt to include any of these royalties or licensing fees as expenses, check with your tax professional. Like other forms of payment in a business, royalties are taxable income and also a business expense.
The land is currently used for biology research, but future uses could include intramural athletic fields. In the past decade, the university has sought to develop a stronger international focus. International students from about 70 countries represent about 7 percent of the student body.
A royalty interest entitles the mineral rights owner to receive a portion of the minerals produced or a portion of the gross revenue from sold production. For example, there may be a fixed fee, or the fee may be a variable percentage recording transactions of gross sales. According to Upcounsel, a nationwide legal services company, the industries with the highest average royalty rates are software (9.6%), energy and environment (8%), and health care equipment and products (6.4%).
A trade mark right is an exclusive right to sell or market under that mark within a geographic territory. The rights may be licensed to allow a company other than the owner to sell goods or services under the mark. A company may seek to license a trade mark it did not create to achieve instant name recognition rather than accepting the cost and risk of entering the market under its own brand that the public does not necessarily know or accept. Licensing a trade mark allows the company to take advantage of already-established goodwill and brand identification. In 2002, the Licensing Economics Review found in a review of 458 licence agreements over a 16-year period an average royalty rate of 7% with a range from 0% to 50%.All of these agreements may not have been at “arms length”.
The Museum of BMI was opened with a collection of exquisite works of art, especially banking treasures from various historical periods of Iran, at savings fund building. The National Bank of Iran has ancient objects from Achaemenid, Sasanian and precious artistic works, including fine paintings, lines, rugs and blankets. So, the objectives of establishing BMI Museum is displaying old and historical banking instruments, as well as gifts from various countries during the activity of BMI. The building of BMI Fund was constructed at Ferdowsi Street in Tehran in 1928; it was registered in the category of national works of Iran on 20 December 2000 by number of 2930.Author: Ken Berry